At the moment of International Women's Day 2023, the National Hospital invites women to become more familiar with and care about maintaining reproductive organs. There are several diseases that often come to the ladies. Especially those aged 40 and over. In the age group over 40 years, it is necessary to pay attention to several risks of diseases that attack the reproductive organs. What are they? These include gynecology, cancer, pregnancy, and menstrual disorders.
Unlike the age group, the type of disease or disorder will vary. For example, in young women. Mostly at that young age, women will experience menstrual disorders. Then, at the age of over 40 years, cervical cancer began to be found.
Here are some health problems that often overshadow women based on age.
Menstrual Disorders and Menstrual Pain
Symptoms of menstrual disorders include irregular, heavy menstruation, spotting bleeding. There are several causes that trigger menstrual disorders. Such as stress, hormonal disorders, polyp disorders, ovarian cysts, uterine myomas, to cancer. Not infrequently, a woman experiences pain during menstruation. Some of the triggers include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, uterine myomas, and pelvic congestion syndrome.
Ovarian Cyst (Ovarian Cyst)
The ovaries or ovaries are the reproductive organs located beside the uterus. Ovarian cysts or ovarian cysts are collections of fluid or masses contained in or attached to the uterus, ovaries. Benign cysts to watch out for include endometriosis cysts, abscesses, ovarian pregnancies and dermoid cysts. A small proportion, cysts (< 5%) are malignant and require immediate management. Symptoms of ovarian cysts that are quite common are a lump in the stomach or discomfort in the stomach. Certainly cysts give symptoms of irregular menstruation and menstrual pain. Ovarian cancer is serious. Therefore, if there is cancer rejection, then even the smallest cyst needs to be operated on to prevent the spread of cancer cells and stop cancer.
Fibroids or uterine myomas are muscle growths originating from the uterus which are generally benign. Most are not realized by women. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, prolonged and irregular menstrual bleeding. Usually large myomas pressing on the bladder or intestines can even degenerate causing pain. Miomas cannot be lost by giving medicine that is taken orally or applied to the stomach. Miomas may get smaller at menopause. Currently, surgical removal of myomas is the only way to get rid of myomas. Well, laparoscopic technology is the first choice for cysts, myomas, and early-stage cancer.
Dr. Robert Hunan Purwaka, SpOG
Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Doctor National Hospital Indonesia. | Laparoscopic Fellowship (Singapore and India) | Senior Clinical Fellow (KK Hospital, Singapore).