HEPATITIS AWARENESS MONTH, LET'S MAKE AN acquaintance with HEPATITIS
The month of 28 July, the world celebrates hepatitis day. Including, Indonesia. Do you still remember what happened in 2022? Indonesia has an uninvited and perhaps unwelcome guest. At a time when the world, including Indonesia, is still in the process of recovering from the Covid-19 virus, suddenly there was a new surprise. Namely, the presence of acute viral hepatitis.
The cause of hepatitis is unknown. The mysterious acute hepatitis attacks children aged 1 month to 16 years. In Indonesia, as of May 5 2022, it is known that three children have died, allegedly due to acute and mysterious hepatitis. Apart from acute hepatitis, there are several other types of hepatitis. And, #SahabatNH must know. Let's get acquainted with several types of hepatitis and the causes of the virus.
WHAT IS HEPATITIS? (Definition and Types of Hepatitis)
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver or liver. This condition can be caused by various things. Starting from viral infections, alcohol consumption habits, use of certain drugs, autoimmune diseases, and liver worm infections. So, if it is caused by a viral infection, there is a risk of hepatitis being transmitted to other people.
CAUSES OF HEPATITIS?
There are various things that cause hepatitis. Starting from viral infections, alcohol addiction, use of certain drugs, autoimmune diseases, and liver worm infections. The following types and causes of hepatitis:
· Hepatitis A
Caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Transmission of hepatitis A type through food or drink contaminated with the hepatitis virus.
· Hepatitis B
Caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse and blood transfusions. In rare cases, pregnant women who are infected with this type of hepatitis virus can transmit the virus to their fetus.
· Hepatitis C
Caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Hepatitis C is transmitted through unprotected sex or the use of unsterile needles. Not unlike the hepatitis B virus, the hepatitis C virus can be transmitted to the fetus (for mothers who are pregnant).
· Hepatitis D
Caused by infection with the hepatitis D virus (HDV). This type of hepatitis is rare, but can cause serious health problems. A person can be infected with hepatitis D if they have a history of hepatitis B. Transmission of this virus can be through the use of unsterile needles or blood transfusions.
· Hepatitis E
The cause is infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is transmitted through water or food contaminated with the HEV virus. So, because of that, hepatitis E is easily transmitted in environments with poor sanitation. And, there are still several hepatitis viruses caused by alcohol addiction, certain drugs, to autoimmune diseases. For autoimmune hepatitis, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks liver cells. Thus, it causes inflammation and liver damage.
HEPATITIS FACTS AND MYTHS
All hepatitis viruses are the same
Fact: Hepatitis A to E viruses are different. The mode of transmission and clinical manifestations are also not the same. For example, hepatitis A and E are transmitted through contaminated food. Hepatitis B and C are transmitted through blood transfusions, unprotected sex, and tattoos. Meanwhile, hepatitis D only occurs in patients with hepatitis B.
Patients with hepatitis can not give breast milk (ASI)
Fact: Breastfeeding is safe because the hepatitis virus cannot be passed to the baby through breast milk.
Tattoos and piercings do not transmit hepatitis B and C
Fact: Using sharp, unsterile instruments for procedures such as tattoos, piercings, facial cleansing, manicures and pedicures can transmit viruses.
SYMTOPMS OF HEPATITIS
What needs to be known, usually, hepatitis sufferers do not feel symptoms for several weeks or liver function disorders have occurred. For people with hepatitis due to viral infection, symptoms will appear after the incubation period. Namely, about 2 weeks to 6 months. So, what are the symptoms that usually appear in people with hepatitis?
· Nausea and vomiting
· Easily tired
· Pale stools
· Dark urine
· Abdominal pain
· Joint pain
· Loss of appetite
· Weight loss
If #SahabatNH experiences symptoms as mentioned above, don't delay or hesitate to consult with a National Hospital doctor. Get the right diagnosis and medical treatment with the National Hospital. #SahabatNH can find a consultation schedule at national-hospital.com and can call the following number to get an ambulance service if in an emergency: 031-2975788/ WhatsApp National Hospital Official 08112975700. Or, book a teleconsultation health service on the NH-Apps application which can be downloaded at the App Store/ Play Store. Let's download the NH-Apps application right now, trust your health and that of your family #HealthisWealthNationalHospital!