World Heart Day is a good time to learn about the use of heart CT scans to screen for heart conditions.
Every September 29th is marked as World Heart Day (WHD). The World Heart Day theme for this year is Use Heart, Know Heart. Everyone should remember to take better care of their hearts during this WHD moment. To what extent is our heart properly protected?
Based on the 2014-2019 Global Burden of Disease and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), heart disease is the highest cause of death in Indonesia. Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) data for 2013 and 2018 shows an increasing trend in heart disease, namely 0.5% in 2013 to 1.5% in 2018. In fact, heart disease is the biggest cost burden. Based on BPJS Health data in 2021, the largest health financing will be for heart disease amounting to IDR 7.7 trillion.
According to the Ministry of Health, cardiovascular disease (heart disease and stroke or CVD) are the number one cause of death in the world. This disease claims the lives of 17.3 million people every year.
World Heart Day was established in 1999 by the World Heart Federation (WHF) together with the World Health Organization (WHO). The idea of creating momentum was conveyed by Antoni Bayés de Luna, WHF president in 1997-1999.
How to Prevent Heart Disease?
Heart disease is not present in those who are old or elderly. According to her, heart disease is not based on a person's age or background. Patients who are not yet elderly also have the potential to develop heart disease.
The most common cause of coronary heart disease at a young age is unhealthy lifestyle factors. So, because of this, people are advised to adopt a clean and healthy lifestyle, stop smoking, stop eating fatty foods, stop consuming alcohol, and exercise diligently for at least 30 minutes per day.
Apart from the steps above, patients also need heart screening. One of them is a Heart CT Scan. A cardiac CT scan is a medical imaging procedure that uses advanced X-ray technology to produce detailed images of the heart and surrounding structures.
When do patients need a cardiac CT scan?
A cardiac CT scan is usually indicated when there is a need to examine the heart and related structures in more detail than can be achieved with other examinations, such as an electrocardiogram (EKG) or echocardiogram.
Some situations in which a cardiac CT scan may be necessary include patients. These include, among others, patients with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or a high risk of CHD, evaluation of structural heart abnormalities, monitoring after cardiac procedures or surgery, chest trauma or heart injury, evaluation of aortic aneurysms, and as part of the overall examination.
It is important to remember that a cardiac CT scan, like any other medical procedure, should be performed based on appropriate medical indications. The benefits of a CT scan must outweigh any possible associated risks, including radiation exposure. If you have heart symptoms or problems, or have relevant risk factors, talk to your doctor about the possible benefits of a cardiac CT scan in your situation.
What are the advantages of having a heart CT scan?
Heart CT scans have many benefits in the field of cardiology and diagnosing heart disease. Some of the main benefits of a cardiac CT scan include:
This material was presented by Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Specialist Doctor Meity Ardiana SpJP (K) FIHA FAsCC National Hospital.